Purpose We assessed the outcomes of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to treat oligoprogressive castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients with <= 5 lesions using gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen-positron emission tomography (Ga-68-PSMA-PET/CT). Methods The clinical data of 67 CRPC patients with 133 lesions treated with Ga-68-PSMA-PET/CT-based SBRT were retrospectively analyzed. All of the patients had oligoprogressive disease during androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). The prognostic factors for overall- (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) and the predictive factors for switching to next-line systemic treatment (NEST) and NEST-free survival (NEST-FS) were analyzed. Results With a median follow-up of 17.5 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) and PFS rates were 86.9% and 34.4%, respectively. The PSA response was observed in 49 patients (73.1%). Progression was observed in 37 patients (55.2%) at a median of 11.0 months following SBRT. A total of 45 patients (67.2%) remained on ADT after SBRT, and 22 patients (32.8%) had a NEST change at a median of 16.4 months after metastasis-directed treatment (MDT). Patients with a NEST change had higher post-SBRT PSA values and fewer PSA nadirs after MDT than their counterparts. In multivariate analysis, higher pre-SBRT PSA values were the only significant predictor for worse OS and NEST-FS, and no significant factor was found for PFS. No serious acute or late toxicities were observed. Conclusion This study demonstrated the feasibility of MDT using SBRT to treat oligoprogressive lesions by Ga-68-PSMA-PET/CT in CRPC patients is efficient and well-tolerated, prolonging the effectiveness of ADT by delaying NEST.