Background and Aims Influenza virus is one of the leading infections causing death among human being. Despite known risks, primary immune deficiency due to Interferon Regulatory Factor-7 (IRF7) gene defect was reported as a possible cause of the risk factors for complicated influenza. We aimed to investigate the changes in peripheral T and B cell subsets in adult patients with severe seasonal influenza virus infection and the investigation of variants of IRF7 gene. Methods In this study, 32 patients, hospitalized due to influenza infection-related acute respiratory failure were included. Results The median age of the patients was 76 years (26-96), and 13/32 (40.6%) were in the intensive care unit. Central memory Th, effector memory Th, TEMRA Th, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), central memory CTL of the patients were found to be increased, naive CTL were decreased. There was a significant increase in the percentage of effector memory Th, and a decrease in the percentage of naive CTL in patients >= 65 years-old compared to patients <65 years old (P = .039, and P = .017, respectively). IRF7 gene analysis revealed two different nucleotide changes in three patients; c.535 A > G; p.Lys179Glu (K179E) and c584A > T; p.His195Leu (H195L), located in the fourth exon of the IRF7 gene. Discussion The increases in central and effector memory Th, central memory CTL and decrease of naive CTLs may be secondary to the virus infection. K179E (rs1061502) and H195L (rs139709725) variants were not reported to be related with susceptibility to an infection yet. It is conceivable to investigate for novel variants in other genes related to antiviral immunity.