We aimed to define the diagnostic and treatment characteristics of breast masses among female children who had undergone surgical treatment in order to figure out which children should be followed conservatively or treated surgically. We reviewed retrospectively 64 female patients operated for breast masses under the age of 18 years between 1977 and 2013. Patient demographics, symptoms, physical examination findings, size of the mass and its relation with menstrual cycle, follow-up period before and after surgery, diagnostic characteristics, laboratory analysis, diagnosis before and after surgery, indications for surgery, histopathological characteristics of the mass, postoperative complications, and recurrence rate were recorded. Histopathologic investigations among 41 girls with complete hospital records showed that 26 had fibroadenoma (FA; 63.4%). Eleven girls among the other 23 cases with incomplete hospital records but with histopathological results have also had FA (47%). The majority of breast masses in childhood are FA, the frequency and duration of follow up is important. If there is a mass that will not regress, that continues to grow or does not reduce in size during follow up, and for those with family history of breast cancer to definitely exclude the possibility of malignancy, surgical treatment may be appropriate.