The aim of the Erasmus Programme which has been implemented in many European countries since 1987 is to increase the level of tertiary education and empower the European dimension. The programme tries to achieve its goals by encouraging international cooperation between universities; by providing exchange of students and academics in Europe; by recognizing the studies and degrees held in the participating countries; and by improving transparency. Turkey has been a full participant in the EU Education and Youth Programmes since 2004. Apart from Turkey there are 30 participating European countries. The aim of this study is to identify the academic challenges of those students who came to Turkey via Erasmus Programme. The data were obtained from 106 visiting students who came to Turkey in 2007-2008. The data were collected with an academic challenges survey prepared by the researchers. Frequency and percentage distributions were obtained from the analysis of the data; t-test and Kruskal Wallis analysis were used to find out whether there were any differences in challenges among students according to their genders, universities, faculties, education levels and countries. The results of the study show that there are no significant differences in challenges faced by the students according to their genders, universities, faculties, education levels and countries.