An empirical assessment of the optimum currency areas theory: Turkey and the emu countries

Ozer I., ÖZKAN İ. M.

Fuzzy Economic Review, vol.13, no.1, pp.3-18, 2008 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.25102/fer.2008.01.01
  • Journal Name: Fuzzy Economic Review
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3-18
  • Keywords: EMU, Fuzzy c-means clustering, Maastricht criteria, optimum currency areas
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to analyze Turkey and the EMU countries in the light of criteria suggested by the optimum currency areas (OCA) theory and the Maastricht criteria. To this end, we follow a novel approach with an application of fuzzy cmeans (FCM) clustering. The results show that the application of FCM clustering to the OCA criteria produces better clustering structure compared to the Maastricht criteria. In addition, in the analysis with the Maastricht criteria, the control group countries, Canada and Japan, are not distinguished from the European countries. Furthermore, Turkey remains as a separate group than the European countries with respect to both the OCA criteria and the Maastricht criteria.