Switching from ramipril to sacubitril/valsartan favorably alters electrocardiographic indices of ventricular repolarization in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction


Okutucu S., Sabanoglu C., Sayin B. Y. , Aksoy H., BURSA N., Oto A.

ACTA CARDIOLOGICA, vol.75, no.1, pp.20-25, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00015385.2018.1535818
  • Journal Name: ACTA CARDIOLOGICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.20-25

Abstract

Background: Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI, sacubitril/valsartan) reduces sudden death in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Corrected QT (QTc), T-wave peak to T-wave end interval (Tp-e) and Tp-e/QTc are electrocardiographic indices of ventricular repolarization heterogeneity. We aimed to assess the effects of switching from ramipril to ARNI on electrocardiographic indices of ventricular repolarization. Methods: A total of 48 patients with HFrEF (mean age: 63.3 +/- 11.7 years; 36 males, 77.1% ischaemic etiology) were enrolled. All patients had New York Heart Association functional class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction <= 35% and previously switched from ramipril to ARNI treatment. The standard 12-lead electrocardiograms on ramipril treatment and 1 month after ARNI treatment were analysed; heart rate, QTc, Tp-e and Tp-e/QTc were calculated. Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLWHFQ) scores and N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) values were recorded. Results: QTc (415.2 +/- 19.7 ms vs. 408.5 +/- 20.8 ms, p = 0.022), Tp-e (100.7 +/- 13.8 ms vs. 92.9 +/- 12.1 ms, p < 0.001), Tp-e/QTc (0.242 +/- 0.028 vs. 0.227 +/- 0.029, p = 0.003) and heart rate (73.2 +/- 4.7 bpm vs. 71.1 +/- 4.9 bpm, p = 0.027) were reduced after ARNI. ARNI switch associated with improvement in MLWHFQ scores (32.4 +/- 7.1 ms vs. 22.6 +/- 7.0 ms, p < 0.001) and reduction of NT-proBNP (2457 +/- 1879 pg/ml to 1377 +/- 874 pg/ml, p < 0.001). Pearson's correlation analysis revealed moderate correlations of MLWHFQ score with Tp-e (r = 0.543, p = 0.001) and Tp-e/QTc (r = 0.556, p = 0.001). Conclusions: Switching from ramipril to ARNI favourably alters QTc, Tp-e and Tp-e/QTc in HFREF. ARNI reduces symptoms of HFREF assessed by MLWHFQ and lowers NT-proBNP levels. Reduction in Tp-e and Tp-e/QTc correlate with clinical improvement in patients with HFrEF.