Does information by pharmacists convince the public to get vaccinated for pneumococcal disease and herpes zoster?


Bayraktar-Ekincioglu A., KARA E., Bahap M., CANKURTARAN M., Demirkan K., ÜNAL S.

IRISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11845-021-02778-x
  • Journal Name: IRISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Herpes zoster, Pharmacist, Pneumococcal diseases, Vaccination, Willingness, INFLUENZA, ADULTS, IMPACT, AWARENESS, RATES

Abstract

Background Pneumococcal diseases (PN) and herpes zoster (HZ) are preventable infections in the adult population. Aims This study aimed to identify the vaccination rates at 1 year after pharmacist-led provision of information in the community. The objectives were to reveal the reasons for not being vaccinated and to determine opinions and awareness of PN and HZ vaccination among public. Methods A prospective study was conducted in five social and solidarity centres in Turkey. Participants were educated by a pharmacist about PN and HZ diseases, vaccinations and reimbursement status, respectively. All participants were followed by telephone 1 year after to determine their vaccination status. Results A total of 155 participants (72.9% male; mean age was 68.72 +/- 9.04 years) were included. With respect to PN and HZ vaccines, it was found that 40% and 12.7% of participants knew about the respective vaccines. Following the pharmacist's educational session, 52.9% and 51.6% were willing to have the respective vaccine, but only 5.7% and 0.8% respectively got vaccinated 1 year after the educational session. Perceived disease severity, provision of information by a pharmacist, and reimbursement status of the vaccines were not associated with the vaccination rates. Conclusions The public obtain information on vaccines from friends and family members, which may result in misinformation and inappropriate behaviour in vaccination. Although educational sessions provided by pharmacists did not increase the actual vaccination rates for PN and HZ, public willingness to vaccination has increased.