Perceived barriers and motivators of undergraduate nursing students in end-of-life care: A qualitative study based on lived experiences

Bahceli P. Z., Donmez A., Akca N. K.

PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHIATRIC CARE, vol.58, no.4, pp.2687-2696, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ppc.13109
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.2687-2696
  • Keywords: barriers, end-of-life care, lived experience, motivators, nursing student, ATTITUDES, PERCEPTIONS, DEATH
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose The aim of this study is to determine which barriers and motivators undergraduate nursing students perceived during their experience of providing end-of-life (EoL) care. Design and Methods Qualitative phenomenological study leans on focus groups. The study was carried out with Zoom, a Web-based mobile video-conferencing application. Students were recruited from two universities in Turkey. Semistructured focus group interviews were conducted with 28 nursing students. The Heidegger phenomenological approach was adopted in this study. Findings Three thematic categories and nine subcategories were determined. While the students stated that insufficient clinical experience, lack of knowledge, the inadequacy of communication techniques, and the insecurity of patients, relatives, and healthcare teams were barriers in EoL care, they stated they were motivated by witnessing the effect of nursing care on patients, integrating their theoretical knowledge into care, applying different communication techniques, and being positive role models of nurses in clinics. Practice Implications As students were not adequately prepared to cope with clinical practices in EoL care, the nursing core curriculum needs revision in this regard. Providing adequate theoretical and clinical training in EoL care will help nursing students manage their emotions and provide high-quality care to patients and their families.