Right nutcracker syndrome associated with left-sided inferior vena cava, hemiazygos continuation and persistant left superior vena cava: a rare combination

Yildiz A. E. , Cayci F. S. , GENÇ S., Cakar N., FİTOZ Ö. S.

CLINICAL IMAGING, vol.38, no.3, pp.340-345, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2013.12.007
  • Title of Journal : CLINICAL IMAGING
  • Page Numbers: pp.340-345
  • Keywords: Nutcracker syndrome, Left-sided inferior vena cava, Doppler US, MR angiography, DIAGNOSIS, CHILDREN


The term nutcracker syndrome refers to compression of left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery causing renal venous hypertension. Right nutcracker syndrome associated with a left-sided inferior vena cava is an extremely rare anomaly. Reported two cases in English literature were diagnosed by ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography in adulthood. Herein, we present a case of right nutcracker syndrome with left-sided inferior vena cava and hemiazygos continuation in a 12-year-old girl. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.