Two liquid-phase microextraction procedures, single-drop microextraction (SDME) and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), have been developed for the determination of lead by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). Both methods were based on the formation of lead iodideRhodamine B complex which is in phosphoric acid medium. In the presence of KI, anionic lead iodide was complexed with Rhodamine B as an ion-association complex. Several factors that may be affected on the SDME and DLLME methods were optimized. In the optimum experimental conditions, the limit of detection (3s) and the enhancement factor were 0.008 mu gL(-1) and 152 for SDME and 0.0129 mu gL(-1) and 89 for DLLME respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) for eight replicate determinations of 0.25 mu gL(-1) Pb was 4.6% for SDME and 0.5 mu gL(-1) Pb was 2.9% for DLLME. The developed methods were validated by the analysis of certified reference materials, and applied successfully to the determination of lead in several water and food samples.