The Effects of Hypericum perforatum L. on the Proliferation, Osteogenic Differentiation, and Inflammatory Response of Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Different Niches

Mendi A., GÖKÇINAR YAĞCI B., SARAÇ N., Kiziloglu M., UĞUR A., Uckan D., ...More

CELLS TISSUES ORGANS, vol.205, no.4, pp.208-216, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 205 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000491633
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.208-216
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to demonstrate and compare the differentiation, proliferation, migration and inflammatory behavior of dental pulp- and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs and BM-MSCs) in response to a Hypericum perforatum ethanol extract. Using xCELLigence, a real-time monitoring system, a dose of 10 mu g/mL was found to be the most efficient concentration for vitality. The IC50 values and doubling time were calculated. The results showed that H. perforatum L. was able to accelerate osteogenic differentiation in DP-MSCs, but calcium granulation was impaired in BM-MSCs. H. perforatum L.-induced migration increased when compared to the TNF-alpha-induced migration in a Transwell migration assay, and the IL-6 cytokine levels between cells also differed. It can be suggested that tissue memory is an important factor in MSCs, and that they differ in their response to external factors. In conclusion, H. perforatum L. can be considered an excellent osteoinductive agent for DP-MSCs but should not be used for BM-MSCs. Tissue-specific osteoinductive agents should be discussed in future studies. (C) 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel