Background: Although transplantation, surgical resection, and tumor ablation are treatment options available following early diagnosis of HCC, poor prognosis and high recurrence rates restrict the efficacy of these approaches. Hence, small molecules with high selectivity and bioactivity are urgently required. Objective: This study presents the synthesis of a series of new triazolothiadiazole derivatives (1a-3j) with NSAID moieties and their cytotoxic bioactivities. Methods: The new synthetic derivatives (1-3; 1a-3j) and NSAIDs ibuprofen, naproxen, and flurbiprofen that commonly used in clinics were screened against human liver (Huh7), breast (MCF7), and colon (HCT116) carcinoma cell lines under in vitro conditions via NCI-sulforhodamine B assay. Results: The 4-methoxyphenyl substituted condensed derivatives 1h, 2h, and 3h were the most active compounds. Based on its high potency, compound 3h was selected for the further biological evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, and the mechanisms underlying cell death induced by 3h were determined. The results revealed that compound 3h induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the sub G1 phase in human liver cancer cells. Conclusion: These new small molecules may be used for the development of new lead compounds.