Favipiravir Use in COVID-19 Treatment

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KARA E., İNKAYA A. Ç., Demirkan K., ÜNAL S.

FLORA INFEKSIYON HASTALIKLARI VE KLINIK MIKROBIYOLOJI DERGISI, vol.26, no.1, pp.1-11, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier


There are treatment options with partially shown efficacy against SARS-CoV-2. A drug with proven effect on survival has not yet been developed for the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) defined in December 2019. Many chemicals that are being used or developed for different indications have been used for COVID-19 treatment, based on their effects observed in in vitro studies. Favipiravir, one of these drugs, was first used in Wuhan, the starting center of the pandemic. Since the spread of the infection to the world, it has been used in our country as well as countries such as Italy, Japan, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Moldova and Kazakhstan, Bangladesh, Egypt, India. There are few studies conducted and published to evaluate the effectiveness of favipiravir, but many studies are ongoing. In this review,& nbsp;it was aimed to review and evaluate the studies and case reports reporting the efficacy of favipiravir in the treatment of COVID-19. With the literature search, 223 results were reached, 210 articles were fully accessed, and a total of 34 articles were included in the analysis. In the scope of the review, under the title of pharmacology of favipiravir, adverse effects and drug interactions in addition to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties are mentioned. Favipiravir is one of the options for the treatment of COVID-19 patients, but randomized, controlled trials involving much more patients and longer follow-up periods need to be planned and the results of ongoing trials evaluated.