This study investigated the images of chemical scientists held by Turkish primary students by gender. The Draw a Chemical Scientist Test was administered to 542 students from an urban area. A Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to test for statistically significant differences between gender groups. Significant differences were found between girls' and boys' images of chemical scientists in terms of some aspects. It is thought that the findings of this research will contribute to the development of chemistry education, to the researchers studying on gender issues, cultural diversity, and also to the international literature on chemistry education. While DACST is a feasible and simple method, future studies should supplement it with interviews for deeper understanding of students' constructs (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.