ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2023 (WTC 2023), Athens, Greece, 12 - 18 May 2023, pp.829-834
Metropolitan cities rely on subway networks for their substantial mass transportation demands. However, the underground has always been regarded as undesirable and as well as being an unpleasant space in different cultures; therefore, one can see that users do not intend to devote more time to an underground facility that lacks natural light and ventilation. From an architectural perspective, the majority of the station design focuses on subjects such as fire safety, pedestrian movement, and building performance analyses under various conditions. Even though it is possible to trace alternative design approaches where designers challenge these issues in specific cases, most of the designers apply the same design templates, regardless of the urban context of the station location. Such actions and design decisions that ignore any potential sustainability or social integration possibilities of the stations end up being concrete boxes that pump people around the city. One can trace their urban significance and possibilities by looking at the impact of stations on our daily lives. From a sociological point of view, these structures, despite being perceived as non-spaces, due to high user demand and ease of access, underground stations will be the optimal solutions for inner-city transportation. Moreover, it is equally important to discuss the notion of space and place in the context of subway stations. As a result, this research will discuss the possibilities of social integration and sustainability of underground spaces, its challenges, and suggestions for a more holistic approach to developing a more balanced understanding to underground station design.