Design of quantum sensor to duplicate European Robins navigational system

Salmanogli A., GÖKCEN D.

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS A-PHYSICAL, vol.322, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 322
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sna.2021.112636
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In this article, we design a quantum device to duplicate the European Robins procedure to precisely deter-mine the migratory route. In the mentioned procedure, the important issue is the geomagnetic field effect on the magnetic momentum of the created radical pairs (triplet-singlet states) dancing with a special fre-quency. To duplicate the procedure, a quantum sensor consisting of two coincident tripartite systems is designed. Each tripartite system is independently excited with the entangled photons (signal and idler). The interesting point is that by manipulation of the system in the right condition, the microwave cavities modes separately affected by the entangled photons can be entangled. The entangled microwave photons play the same role as the triplet-singlet states present in the bird & rsquo;s navigational system. The key point in the design of the quantum sensor is that the entanglement between microwave photons can be strongly affected by the external magnetic field. In fact, this is the criterion employed by the quantum sensor to sense the magnetic field intensity and the direction. To analyze the system, the canonical quantization (or microscopic) method is used to determine the sensor & rsquo;s Hamiltonian, and also the system dynamics equations of motions are analytically derived using Heisenberg-Langevin equations.