Effect of Cooking Method (Baking Compared with Frying) on Acrylamide Level of Potato Chips


PALAZOĞLU T. K. , Savran D., GÖKMEN V.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE, vol.75, no.1, 2010 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01389.x
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Keywords: acrylamide, baking, frying, potato chips, FRENCH FRIES, REDUCTION, FOODS, SURFACE, TIME, RISK

Abstract

The effect of cooking method (baking compared with frying) on acrylamide level of potato chips was investigated in this study. Baking and frying experiments were conducted at 170, 180 and 190 degrees C using potato slices with a thickness of 1.4 mm. Raw potatoes were analyzed for reducing sugars and asparagine. Surface and internal temperatures of potato slices were monitored during the experiments to better explain the results. Fried and baked chips were analyzed for acrylamide content using an LC-MS method. The results showed that acrylamide level of potato chips prepared by frying increased with frying temperature (19.6 ng/g at 170 degrees C, 39 ng/g at 180 degrees C, and 95 ng/g at 190 degrees C). In baking however, the highest acrylamide level was observed in potato chips prepared at 170 degrees C (47.8 ng/g at 170 degrees C, 19.3 ng/g at 180 degrees C, and 29.7 ng/g at 190 degrees C). The results showed that baking at 170 degrees C more than doubled the acrylamide amount that formed upon frying at the same temperature, where as at 180 and 190 degrees C, the acrylamide levels of chips prepared by baking were lower than their fried counterparts.