Jaundice is a common problem and occurs as a result of the increase in bilirubin level in infants. Infants may be adversely affected by this situation. The aim of this study is to determine whether neonatal jaundice affects the movements and postures of 3- to 5-month-old infants with hyperbilirubinemia and the correlation of motor repertoire at the same age with bilirubin levels. The study group included 30 infants (9 girls, 21 boys) with hyperbilirubinemia and a control group of 30 infants (11 girls, 19 boys) with typical development without hyperbilirubinemia. The motor repertoires of the infants were evaluated through detailed general movement (GM) analysis using video recordings made at 9-17 weeks post-term. The infants with hyperbilirubinemia had lower motor optimality score and subcategory scores (including observed movement patterns, age-adequate movement repertoire, observed postural patterns, and movement character) compared with the control group. The fidgety movement scores decreased as bilirubin value increased in infants.