Tuning surface tension and aggregate shape via a novel redox active fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon hybrid surfactant

Aydogan N., ALDIS N.

LANGMUIR, vol.22, no.5, pp.2028-2033, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/la052786q
  • Journal Name: LANGMUIR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2028-2033
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This paper reports the surface and bulk properties of a newly designed redox active hybrid surfactant Fc(CH2)(11)N+-(C2H5)(2)(CH2)(2)(CF2)(5)CF3 I- or FcFHUB, where Fc is ferrocene. This new surfactant displays strong surface tension lowering ability (31 mN/m) and low critical micelle concentration (0.03 mM in 100 mM Li2SO4). The minimum area per surfactant molecule at the interface is determined as 121 angstrom(2)/molecule. The electrochemical oxidation of ferrocene (Fc) to ferrocenium cationic (Fc(+)) leads to reversible changes in the surface and bulk properties of this surfactant. Following the oxidation, desorption of surfactant molecules from the surface of the solution takes place. This desorption of surfactant molecules gives rise to the oxidation-induced surface tension change up to 15 mN/m. Although this new molecule shows salt-insensitive behavior in its reduced form, the oxidized form of the surfactant shows slight sensitivity to the electrolyte concentration. The molecular structure of FcFHUB allows the formation of large aggregates in the form of coils at a temperature of 33 degrees C. When the temperature rises to 50 degrees C, the aggregates are determined to be in the vesicle structure. The oxidation of Fc to Fc(+) disrupts large aggregates to the smaller aggregates at low temperatures. The oxidation of surfactant molecules at high temperature leads to disruption of the aggregates to monomers.