A preliminary analysis of the population genetic parameters indicates critically low genetic variation in a threatened killifish (Anatolichthys transgrediens)


Creative Commons License

Yoğurtçuoğlu B., Yılmaz M., Ekmekçi F. G. , Özsoy E. D.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jai.14289
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Keywords: allozymes, Aphanius transgrediens, conservation genetics, genetic variation, inbreeding, ALLOZYMIC VARIATION, APHANIUS-FASCIATUS, DIVERSITY, TELEOSTEI, IBERUS

Abstract

Levels of genetic variation can steer the future adaptability and correlate to reduced inbreeding of species. Therefore, for any conservation measure, determining the levels of genetic variations and its implications in endangered species is a priority. Here, we investigate allozyme genetic variation of a critically endangered killifish species, Anatolichthys transgrediens, one of the most threatened species in the world with extremely small distribution range. Our results clearly point out perilously low levels of genetic variation, with only three out of 15 loci examined were polymorphic, likely reflecting their small population size and genetically deteriorated population structure. Fixation indices estimated also indicate high levels of inbreeding within A. transgrediens which may result in inbreeding depression and further population declines. We discuss the possible drivers for this situation and call the urgency of an integrated action for conservation of this endangered killifish species.