Detection of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Non-invasive Tools in Turkish People Living with HIV and with Apparently Normal Liver Function

Başaran N. Ç., İdilman İ., Tokuçoğlu H. A., ONUR M. R., SÖNMEZER M. Ç., ÖZIŞIK L., ...More

Current HIV research, vol.21, no.3, pp.192-201, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.2174/1570162x21666230714122716
  • Journal Name: Current HIV research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.192-201
  • Keywords: fatty liver, HIV, liver fibrosis, MR elastography, NAFLD, PLWH, US elastography
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in people living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate NAFLD presence by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods, including MRI-derived proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) and MRE, and ultrasound elastography among Turkish people living with HIV (PLWH), and identify factors correlated with fatty liver. METHODS: We included 57 PLWH attending outpatient clinics on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for more than six months, without HBV/HCV co-infection, significant alcohol consumption, active opportunistic infection, previously diagnosed hepatobiliary disease, T2DM, and hyperlipidemia. We performed MRI, MRE, and US elastography on all participants. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants (M/F, 47/10) was 41.7± 12 years. The median duration of HIV infection was 3 (0.5-19 years) years. The mean MRI-PDFF was 4.4 ± 3.8 %, and 11 had fatty liver. The mean MRE value was 2.27 ± 0.6 kPa, inflammation was present in 16, and 4 participants had values consistent with fibrosis. The mean US elastography of the study population was 4.1±2.4 kPa. The mean right and left CCA intima-media of the study population was 0.65± 0.23 mm and 0.66± 0.25 mm; 16 had increased intima-media thickness. In patients with fatty liver, a significant positive correlation was present between MRE and CCA intima-media thickness (rs=0.82, p:0.006 for MRE-left CCA; r=0.68, p=0.042 for MRE-right CCA). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that even a significant proportion of PLWH individuals with normal transaminase levels have fatty liver. Future prospective trials are warranted to understand and mitigate the risk factors, course of NAFLD, and accurate non-invasive tests, predicting fibrosis in people living with HIV.