Schottky contact of nano-BiOx thin film synthesized galvanostatically on stainless steel in acetonitrile

KARACA E., Saka K., GÖKCEN D., Pekmez N. Ö.

Optik, vol.285, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 285
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2023.170945
  • Journal Name: Optik
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Electrosynthesis, Nano-BiOx thin film, Schottky behavior, Stainless steel
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the nanosized-BiOx thin film (mostly Bi2O3 with a trace amount of Bi2O5) is electrochemically synthesized on stainless steel (SS) surface at room temperature. The coating process is carried out using the galvanostatic pulse deposition method in an acetonitrile solution containing bismuth tetrafluoroborate, tartaric acid, tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, and tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate. The structural and morphological characterizations of thin film are performed by XRD, XPS, SEM-EDX, and AFM techniques. Accordingly, α- and δ-Bi2O3-based coating with oxygen vacancies contains a small amount of Bi2O5 on the SS surface. The BiOx thin film exhibits a rough surface with many nano-sized hills homogeneously distributed. Electrical characterization is conducted with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, current-voltage, and Hall effect measurements. The pseudoresistance with the most drastic change increases with rising potential and decreases again after reaching its maximum value at the open circuit potential. It could be inferred that the composition (oxidation states or oxygen deficiency) of the Bi2O3-based film varies according to the applied potential. The n-type Schottky behavior is observed at the SS/BiOx interface. Furthermore, the n-type SS/BiOx-based Schottky diode tested for endurance shows significant stability over 200 cycles.