JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, vol.121, no.6, pp.1186-1203, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
Selective monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitors are imperative in the treatment of various neuro-degenerative disorders. Herein, we describe the pharmacophore generation and atom-based three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) analyses of previously reported thiophene-based hMAO-B inhibitors by our research group. The aim of this study was to identify the principal structural features that could potentially be responsible for the inhibitory activity of hMAO-B inhibitors. The best pharmacophore model generated was the four-point assay of AHRR8. The pharmacophore model exhibited good correlation with its predictability of the statistically valid 3D-QSAR analyses. Density functional theory calculations were further employed on the lead molecule (2E)-1-(5-bromothiophen-2yl)-3-[4-(dimethylamino) phenyl] prop-2-en-l-one (Tb5) to investigate the electrostatic potential surface and analyze the natural bond orbital toward the binding characteristics. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to characterize the molecular level interactions and relative energies of the hMAO isoforms: hMAO-A and hMAO-B with three potent and selective hMAO-B inhibitors (Tb5, Tb6, and Tb9). The results of both continuous and accelerated molecular dynamics simulations demonstrate a distinct preference of the three ligands to bind to hMAO-B rather than hMAO-A.