The Figurative Weaning Symbolized By The Cult Of Tree In Visual Poem: Formal Deviations In Divan Poetry As A Field Of Stylistic Foregrounding

Oztekin O.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.98, pp.59-72, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 98
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index, Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-72


Within the context of multiple aesthetics, the attempt of the art to attain the deep/unchanging truth and the holistic/universal aims at searching for the invisible "core" of the object, in other words, the origin of existence. The reflections of this quest pursued with introspection on the artwork, one might find a set of symbols which may go unnoticed at first sight. For instance, the lines of visual centred texts which bring together the verse and the picture are placed in a way to form a figure/pattern. This special form is also called as "visual poetry", "concrete poetry", "pattern poetry" and "figurative poetry". The Divan poetry, which constitutes an important branch of the Turkish poetry tradition contains examples of the visual poetry. They takes name according to their forms. For example museccer/tescir, mucessem, mudevver, murabba. The cult of tree is important the representation of an abstract in figurative sense. The tree is life. The life also intertwined with the existence. With plays on letters, words and form, extraordinary examples pushing the limits of Divan poetry have been given. Meticulous interpretations will demonstrate that visual poetry of the old literature -as the old literature itself- is open to multiple readings because academic analysis of old Turkish literature, along with the usual text annotation practices, allow for a language-use oriented stylistic evaluation of poetry and evaluations based on the ontological point-of-view within the context of poetry-philosophy-existence.