The effect of mitochondria-targeted slow hydrogen sulfide releasing donor AP39-treatment on airway inflammation

KARAMAN Y., Kaya-Yasar Y., Eylem C. C., ÖNDER S. Ç., NEMUTLU E., BOZKURT T. E., ...More

European Journal of Pharmacology, vol.946, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 946
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2023.175619
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Pharmacology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: AP39, Hydrogen sulfide, Lipopolysaccharide, Airway inflammation, Bronchial hyperreactivity
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Mitochondrial dysfunction has been shown to contribute to the pathophysiology of airway diseases. Therefore, mitochondria are targeted in the development of new therapeutic approaches. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to be involved in the pathophysiological processes of airway inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the effect of mitochondria-targeted slow H2S releasing donor AP39 [(10-oxo-10-(4-(3-thioxo-3H-1,2-dithiol5yl)phenoxy)decyl)triphenylphosphoniumbromide)] on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced airway inflammation in mice. LPS was applied to female Balb/c mice by intranasal (i.n.) route to induce airway inflammation and the subgroups of mice were treated with i.n. AP39 (250–1000 nmol/kg). 48 h after LPS administration airway reactivity was evaluated in vivo, then bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and lungs were collected. LPS application led to bronchial hyperreactivity and neutrophil infiltration into the lung tissues along with increased TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 levels in BAL fluid. LPS also induced an increase in the rate of glycolysis, glycogenolysis and Krebs-cycle. AP39 treatment prevented the LPS-induced bronchial hyperreactivity and reversed the increase in TNF-α and IL-6 levels in BAL fluid. The increase in neutrophil numbers in BAL fluid was also prevented by AP39 treatment at the highest dose. Our results indicate that AP39 can prevent bronchial hyperreactivity and decrease airway inflammation. Targeting H2S to the mitochondria may be a new therapeutic approach in airway inflammation.