Propolis loaded liposomes: evaluation of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities

Aytekin A. A., Tanriverdi S. T., Kose F. A., Kart D., Eroğlu İ., Ozer O.

JOURNAL OF LIPOSOME RESEARCH, vol.30, pp.107-116, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08982104.2019.1599012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-116
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Propolis, a natural bee product, has both antimicrobial/antifungal and antioxidant characteristics. Active substances having antimicrobial and antifungal effects are used to avoid infections, which develop during long treatment process of chronic wounds. Antioxidant substances protect wound areas against the effect of free radicals and accelerate the healing process. For this purpose, propolis was used to develop topical liposome formulations for wound treatment. Characterization studies (particle size distribution, polydispersity index, Zeta Potential, morphology pH, loading capacity, encapsulation efficiency, in-vitro release behaviour) as well as stability studies were performed. Then in-vitro antioxidant (free radical scavenging capacity and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity) and antimicrobial/antifungal activities of formulations have been evaluated. The particle size of formulations was found within the range of 300-750 nm depending on the concentration of lipid and water phase in the formulation. The Zeta Potential and pH values of optimum formulation were -23.0 +/- 0.666 and 6.34, respectively. Loading capacity and encapsulation efficiency were 66.535 +/- 2.705% and 57.321 +/- 2.448%. At the end of 8 h, 48.16% of propolis was released and the formulations were found stable during 3 months at +4 degrees C. Drug loaded liposome formulations significantly scavenged the ABTS(+) radical in a dose-dependent manner of propolis when compared with unloaded liposome formulations (p < 0.05). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of liposomes ranged from 512 to 128 mu g/mL for bacteria and 256 to 128 mu g/mL for fungi. Overall results showed that effective and innovative alternative was developed for topical application in wound treatment with propolis loaded liposomal formulations having antioxidant and antimicrobial effects.