Discovery of Michael acceptor containing 1,4-dihydropyridines as first covalent inhibitors of L-/T-type calcium channels


Cevher H. A. , Schaller D., Gandini M. A. , KAPLAN O. , Gambeta E., Zhang F. X. , ...More

BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol.91, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 91
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2019.103187
  • Title of Journal : BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY
  • Keywords: Dihydropyridine, Hexahydroquinoline, Calcium channel blocker, Whole-cell patch clamp, Covalent binding, Molecular modeling, DIHYDROPYRIDINE BINDING, DERIVATIVES, RESIDUES, SERINE

Abstract

1,4-Dihydropyridines (DHPs) are an important class of blockers targeting different calcium channel subtypes and have great therapeutic value against cardiovascular and neurophysiologic conditions. Here, we present the design of DHP-based hexahydroquinoline derivatives as either selective or covalent inhibitors of calcium channels. These compounds were synthesized via a modified Hantzsch reaction under microwave irradiation and characterized by IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR and mass spectra. Additionally, the proposed structure of HM12 was resolved by single crystal X-ray analysis. The abilities of the target compounds to block both L- and T-type calcium channels were evaluated by utilizing the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Our results identified covalent inhibitors of calcium channels for the first time, which could be achieved by introducing a Michael acceptor group into the ester side chain of the compounds. The proposed covalent binding between the compounds and the cysteine amino acid (Cys1492) within the DHP binding pocket of L-type calcium channel was supported by docking and pharmacophore analysis as well as a glutathione reactivity assay.