EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE, vol.54, no.3, pp.486-498, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
Lower extremity, Muscle spasticity, Innervation, Ultrasonography, Botulinum toxins, INTRAMUSCULAR NERVE DISTRIBUTION, ANATOMIC LOCALIZATION, HAMSTRING MUSCLES, MOTOR POINTS, PATTERN, MONKEY, LONGUS, ZONE
Hacettepe University Affiliated:
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal lower limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the lower limb and the pelvic girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the US imaging of several muscles. The figures have been organized to orient the readers on the innervation zones, injection sites, probe positionings and the US images simultaneously.