Place of Death of Geriatric Population in Turkey: A 7-Year Observational Study

CEYLAN S. , Guner Oytun M., OKYAR BAŞ A. , KAHYAOĞLU Z. , Dogu B. B. , CANKURTARAN M. , ...More

JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE CARE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/08258597211036579
  • Keywords: aging country, nursing home, palliative care, place of death, Turkey, TRENDS IN-PLACE, OF-LIFE CARE, CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE, HEART-FAILURE, PEOPLE, DEMENTIA, PATTERNS, CANCER, HOME


Background End-of-life care has become an important public health issue in recent years. Place of death is a major component of end-of-life care. Despite attempts to improve end-of-life care, there has not been published any data about place of deaths in Turkey. Aim: This retrospective, cross-sectional study investigates the place of death and trends over the years in geriatric age groups in Turkey. Methods: Patients who were admitted to geriatric outpatient clinic of a university hospital during a 7-year period were included. Place and date of death information were received from the death notification system and recorded as hospital or out-of-hospital death. Demographic and clinical data were collected from the hospital information system. Deaths occurring after March 1, 2020 were not included to eliminate the effect of coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Results: A total of 4025 (20.7%) patients were determined to be dead. Approximately three-quarters of deaths (73.0%) occurred in hospital. The number of deaths reported from nursing homes was only 13 (3.0%). Patients with dementia less frequently died in hospital, however, it was not statistically significant (12.4% vs 14.7%, P = .05). The prevalence of death in hospital was significantly higher in patients with chronic renal failure (3.1% vs 1.7%, P = .02). The presence of comorbid conditions such as heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, Parkinson's disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/asthma, and cancer did not affect the place of death (P = .24, .21, .24, .51, and .18). Out-of-hospital mortality increased with advanced age (P < .001). No significant difference was found in the place of death over the years (P = .41). Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study examining the place of death in Turkey, an aging country. Our results may help to establish policies about end-of-life care in elderly people to improve quality of life by using resources effectively.