Investigation of the Predictive Effect of Parents’ Life Positions on Preschool Children’s Behavior Problems


Psychological Reports, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00332941231166611
  • Journal Name: Psychological Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Periodicals Index Online, AgeLine, ATLA Religion Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index
  • Keywords: Transactional analysis, life positions, preschool period, parents
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study was to examine the effect of parents’ life position on the prediction of behavioral problems of preschool children. The sample of the study consisted of 364 children enrolled in independent kindergartens and preschools of primary schools affiliated to Altındağ District Directorate of National Education in Turkey and their parents (290 mothers and 97 fathers). In the study, the survey model, which aims to determine the current situation among quantitative research methods, and the relational model, which aims to reveal the link between two or more variables and the strength of the link, were used (Frankel et al., 2011). The data obtained from the study in which “Family Information Form, Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale and Life Positions Scale” were used as data collection tools were analyzed with Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression analysis methods. When the findings of the research were examined, it was found that as the “I am Okey, You are Okey” life position of the parents increased, the children’s total behavior problems, which consisted of internalizing, externalizing and a combination of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, decreased whereas “I am not Okey, You are Okey” and “I am not Okey, You are not Okey” life positions increased, the children’s internalizing, externalizing and total behavior problems increased. Moreover, the regression analysis results of the study showed that parents’ life positions had a statistically significant effect in predicting their children’s behavior problems.