The Architectural Traces of the 19th century Industrialization: Ayvalık Historic Depots Region


Çakıcı Alp S., Aykaç Leıdholm P.

Architectural History Conference / Turkey I, Ankara, Turkey, 20 - 22 October 2010, pp.419-432

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.419-432

Abstract

Industrial revolution, starting in the 17th century in Europe, brought new production methods by using machine power instead of traditional sources of energy. This rapid change in production led important transformations in the spatial and urban features of the cities by the installation of new building types such as factories, mills, workshops and stores constituting industrial heritage in general. As a result of Europeans searching for new markets in the 18th century; industrialization in the Ottoman territory initiated in the port cities like İstanbul, İzmir and Thessaloniki that can be traced by new factory constructions such as; cloth, gun powder factories or manufacture plants. Dating back to ancient times; Ayvalık is a historic coastal settlement in the Aegean region that was exposed to rapid urban development in the 18th century by the cultivation of olive trees. By the effects of industrialization in the Ottoman territory, it became an important trade center with olive oil and soap production and this settlement developed with the rapid increase in the construction of the industrial and commercial buildings serving the olive trade in Ayvalık. Therefore, the paper focuses on the urban development in Ayvalık, after industrialization, during the 19th century specifically concentrating on the architectural characteristics of Ayvalık Historic Depots Region. The region is located in today’s town center along the sea side and was mainly formed with the shift of the coast line in the middle of the 19th century. As being the traces of olive oil and soap production, the industrial heritage in this region is investigated according to their architectural characteristics and can be classified as depots, workshops, shops and factories together with dwellings including production and selling spaces. Consequently, the paper aims to present the influence of this specialized trade on the creation of a new architectural language which has also formed the identity of Ayvalık, since the 18th century.