Reduced mitochondrial fission and impaired energy metabolism in human primary skeletal muscle cells of Megaconial Congenital Muscular Dystrophy


AKSU MENGEŞ E., Eylem C. C. , NEMUTLU E., Gizer M., KORKUSUZ P., Topaloglu H., ...More

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.11, no.1, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-021-97294-4
  • Journal Name: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals

Abstract

Megaconial Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by enlarged mitochondria located mainly at the periphery of muscle fibers and caused by mutations in the Choline Kinase Beta (CHKB) gene. Although the pathogenesis of this disease is not well understood, there is accumulating evidence for the presence of mitochondrial dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether imbalanced mitochondrial dynamics affects mitochondrial function and bioenergetic efficiency in skeletal muscle cells of Megaconial CMD. Immunofluorescence, confocal and transmission electron microscopy studies revealed impaired mitochondrial network, morphology, and localization in primary skeletal muscle cells of Megaconial CMD. The organelle disruption was specific only to skeletal muscle cells grown in culture. The expression levels of mitochondrial fission proteins (DRP1, MFF, FIS1) were found to be decreased significantly in both primary skeletal muscle cells and tissue sections of Megaconial CMD by Western blotting and/or immunofluorescence analysis. The metabolomic and fluxomic analysis, which were performed in Megaconial CMD for the first time, revealed decreased levels of phosphonucleotides, Krebs cycle intermediates, ATP, and altered energy metabolism pathways. Our results indicate that reduced mitochondrial fission and altered mitochondrial energy metabolism contribute to mitochondrial dysmorphology and dysfunction in the pathogenesis of Megaconial CMD.