The level of economic development affects the design of different systems. At the country level, scientific outputs are related to the research and developmentexpenditures. In this study, the relationship between economic development and intellectual production was investigated. In this study following research questions were addressed: 1. Is there any meaningful relationship between GDP and the number of patents? 2. Is there any meaningful relationship between GDP and the number of scientific publications? 3. Is there any correlation between R&D expenditures and patent production? 4. Is there any correlation between R&D expenditures and the number of scientific publications? In addition to these research questions, this paper focuses on the changes of economic development and intellectual production indicators throughout time. As a result, it was seen that countries show continuous improvement in years, both for economic development indicators and intellectual production indicators. Findings also showed that Luxembourg, USA, Switzerland, Norway and Israel are far beyond form other countries in terms of national income per person, Scandinavian countries distinctively separated from other countries especially in terms of the number of national patents per population and Switzerland, Sweden, Israel, Denmark and Finland share the first rows in the number of publications per population ranking.