The functional and structural evaluation of small fibers in asymptomatic carriers of TTR p.Val50Met (Val30Met) mutation


Bekircan-Kurt C. E., YILMAZ E., ARSLAN D., Yildiz F. G., DİKMETAŞ Ö., ERGÜL ÜLGER Z., ...More

NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS, vol.32, no.1, pp.50-56, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nmd.2021.11.013
  • Journal Name: NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.50-56
  • Keywords: p.Val50Met mutation, Val30Met mutation, Small fiber neuropathy, Quantitative sensory testing (QST), In vivo corneal confocal microscopy (IVCM), Skin biopsy, SFN-SIQ, FAMILIAL AMYLOID POLYNEUROPATHY, CORNEAL NERVES, TRANSTHYRETIN, HEREDITARY, MANAGEMENT, TAFAMIDIS
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Therapeutic advances in hereditary amyloid transthyretin (ATTRv) amyloidosis with polyneuropathy extended life expectancy and delayed symptom progression especially in patients with early disease. Thus, detection and monitoring of asymptomatic carriers gained importance. However, there is still limited consensus on genetic screening of ATTRv-polyneuropathy patients' family members and diagnostic tests that must be done in the follow-up. In this study, we followed prospectively five asymptomatic carriers of a family with ATTRV30M (p.Val50Met) mutation by different diagnostic tests for three years. The carriers were followed by neurological examination, nerve conduction studies, sympathetic skin response test, heart rate variability, SFN-SIQ and DN4 questionnaires, quantitative sensory testing (QST), skin biopsy and in vivo corneal confocal microscopy. Nerve conduction studies, sympathetic skin response test and heart rate variability were normal in all for three years. Baseline QST and SFN-SIQ were normal but became abnormal during follow-up of two individuals who developed small fiber neuropathy symptoms. Baseline intraepidermal nerve fiber density was low in three carriers and decreased to below normative values in all during follow-up, while corneal sub-basal nerve density was low in all carriers compared to controls during the entire follow-up. Thus, our study showed that SFN-SIQ and QST are useful diagnostic tools to detect the transition to symptomatic ATTRv-polyneuropathy. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.