Liquefaction assessments by field-based methodologies: foundation soils at a dam site in Northeast Turkey

Ulusay R. , Tuncay E. , HASANCEBI N.

BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol.66, no.3, pp.361-375, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10064-006-0071-0
  • Page Numbers: pp.361-375


Recent examples show that strong earthquakes can cause damage to dams, notably tailings or hydraulic fill dams or relatively small earth fill embankments. Liquefaction is known to be one of the most dangerous consequences of the dynamic loading of an embankment dam and hence must be considered during the dam site selection and construction stages. This paper presents the liquefaction analyses undertaken for the Demirozu dam site in Northeast Turkey. The liquefaction assessments are mainly based on field-performance data using SPT- and CPT-based methods in conjunction with the results of the available cyclic triaxial tests. The presence of a very shallow groundwater table, loose sandy layers and the seismic features of the region result in a high susceptibility to liquefaction. The results obtained from the SPT- and CPT-based criteria for evaluating the liquefaction potential are generally consistent and show that the thickness of the liquefiable layers increases in the area between the left bank and the central part of the proposed dam. Further studies are required to evaluate the suitability and efficiency of measures which could be taken to avoid liquefaction-induced problems at the dam site.