CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy and variants

Hazirolan T., Oz M., Turkbey B., KARAOSMANOĞLU A. D., Oguz B. S., Canyigit M.

DIAGNOSTIC AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, vol.17, no.1, pp.67-73, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Conventional angiography has long been regarded as gold standard imaging modality for evaluation of the renal vasculature. Introduction of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography had a groundbreaking impact on evaluation of the renal vessels and is gradually replacing conventional angiography as standard imaging. Herein, we review and illustrate the normal and variant anatomy of renal vessels with special emphasis on imaging protocols and reconstruction techniques in MDCT.