Ectodermal dysplasia-skin fragility syndrome resulting from a new homozygous mutation, 888delC, in the desmosomal protein plakophilin 1


Ersoy-Evans S. , Erkin G., Fassihi H., Chan I., Paller A. S. , Sueruecue S., ...More

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY, vol.55, no.1, pp.157-161, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jaad.2005.10.002
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.157-161

Abstract

We report an unusual case of an inherited disorder of the desmosomal protein plakophilin 1, resulting in ectodermal dysplasia-skin fragility syndrome. The affected 6-year-old boy had red skin at birth and subsequently developed skin fragility, progressive plantar keratoderma, nail dystrophy, and alopecia. Skin biopsy revealed widening of intercellular spaces in the epidermis and a reduced number of small, poorly formed desmosomes. Mutation analysis of the plakophilin 1 gene PKP1 revealed a homozygous deletion of C at nucleotide 888 within exon 5. This mutation differs from the PKP1 gene pathology reported in 8 previously published individuals with this rare genodermatosis. However, all cases show similar clinical features, highlighting the importance of functional plakophilin 1 in maintaining desmosomal adhesion in skin, as well as the role of this protein in aspects of ectodermal development.