Implementing physical activity in nursing homes: a qualitative exploration of Turkish health care staff’ experiences


Working with Older People, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/wwop-05-2023-0017
  • Journal Name: Working with Older People
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, ASSIA, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA)
  • Keywords: Elderly, Health-care staff, Nurses, Nursing homes, Physical activity, Qualitative research
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Implementing physical activity in nursing homes (NHs) can improve functional capacity, quality of life and well-being and even control symptoms associated with chronic diseases in elderly people. Taking into consideration the increasing in number of NHs in Türkiye, it is obvious that this matter should be handled. The purpose of this study is to explore health-care staff’s perspectives on implementing physical activity in NHs. Design/methodology/approach: A generic, qualitative study using face-to-face semi-structured interviews was conducted among 25 health-care staff. A theoretical sampling strategy was used to inform data collection. Data were analyzed using a thematic analysis method. Findings: Three main themes and seven sub-themes were generated from health-care staff’s narratives of implementing physical activity. Main themes were the lack of knowledge about physical activity, negative mindset and organizational requirements. Implementing physical activity in NHs contributes to a better quality of life for the residents and the protection and improvement of their health. However, a lack of knowledge, negative perceptions of both health-care staff and administrators about physical activity and the organizational requirement were recognized. Originality/value: Findings from this study will enable administrators to recognize the potential challenges and make informed decisions to implement physical activity programs for NH residents from health-care staff’s perspectives who are working with elderly people.