Effects of vocational rehabilitation group intervention on motivation and occupational self-awareness in individuals with intellectual disabilities: A single blind, randomised control study


TEMİZKAN E. , DAVUTOĞLU C. , ARAN O. T. , Kayihan H.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jar.12939
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
  • Keywords: competence, intellectual disability, motivation, randomised controlled trial, vocational rehabilitation, STUDENTS, PEOPLE, ADULTS, DEPRESSION, EMPLOYMENT, INCLUSION, VALIDITY, HEALTH

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a vocational rehabilitation group intervention on motivation and occupational self-competence in individuals with intellectual disability. Methods A single-blind, randomised controlled study design was used. The intervention group (IG) received the group-based intervention alongside the individualised vocational rehabilitation (IVR) and the control group (CG) continued receiving only the IVR for 8 weeks. In order to assess motivation and occupational self-competence, Objective Achievement Motivation Test (OLMT) and Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA) were used. Results Forty-nine individuals were enrolled to the study and randomised into IG (n = 24) and CG (n = 25). Two groups were similar at baseline in terms of demographic qualities, OLMT and OSA scores (p > 0.05). After the intervention, the IG showed significant improvements in all assessments (p < 0.05), however the CG showed improvements only in OLMT sub-tests (p < 0.05). Conclusions The group-based intervention program was effective in increasing occupational self-competence and motivation.