Biological nerve conduit model with de-epithelialized human amniotic membrane and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell sheet for repair of peripheral nerve defects

YILMAZ M. M., Akdere Ö. E., GÜMÜŞDERELİOĞLU M., Kaynak Bayrak G., KOÇ S., ERDEM A., ...More

Cell and Tissue Research, vol.391, no.3, pp.505-522, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 391 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00441-022-03732-8
  • Journal Name: Cell and Tissue Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.505-522
  • Keywords: Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Amniotic membrane, Cell sheet, Nerve conduit, Peripheral nerve defects
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, a biological conduit, consisting of an adipocyte-derived mesenchymal stem cell (AdMSCs) sheet and amniotic membrane (AM), was designed for the reconstruction of peripheral nerve defects. To evaluate the effect of the produced conduit on neural regeneration, a 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was created in rats, and experiments were carried out on six groups, i.e., sham control group (SC), negative control group (NC), nerve autograft group (NG), the biological conduit (AdMSCs + AM) group, the commercial PGA tube conduit (PGA) group, and the conduit only consisting of AM (AM) group. The effects of different nerve repair methods on the peripheral nerve and gastrocnemius muscle were evaluated by functional, histological, and immunohistochemical tests. When the number of myelinated axons was compared between the groups of AdMSCs + AM and PGA, it was higher in the AdMSCs + AM group (p < 0.05). The percentage of gastrocnemius collagen bundle area of AdMSCs + AM group was found to be statistically lower than the PGA group (p < 0.05). The muscle fiber diameter of AdMSCs + AM group was lower than that of the NG group, but significantly higher than that of the PGA group and the AM group (p < 0.001). Muscle weight index was significantly higher in the AdMSCs + AM group compared to the PGA group (p < 0.05). It was observed that nerve regeneration was faster in the AdMSCs + AM group, and there was an earlier improvement in pin-prick score and sciatic functional index compared to the PGA group and the AM group. In conclusion, the biological conduit prepared from the AdMSCs sheet and AM is regarded as a new biological conduit that can be used as an alternative treatment method to nerve autograft in clinical applications. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].