Interaction Between Missionary Schools and Ottoman Housing Architecture in Bursa, Turkey: Reflections of Cultural Tolerance on Architecture

Çakıcı Alp S.

in: Cultural Encounters and Tolerance Through Analyses of Social and Artistic Evidences, Meltem Özkan Altınöz, Editor, Idea Group Publishing (IGP) , Pennsylvania, pp.138-161, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Idea Group Publishing (IGP)
  • City: Pennsylvania
  • Page Numbers: pp.138-161
  • Editors: Meltem Özkan Altınöz, Editor
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This chapter assesses the relationship between the cultural and spatial character of missionary schools in Bursa, an Ottoman city that increasingly witnessed missionary activities during the 19th and 20th centuries. First, the justifications and outcomes of the Ottoman educational system reforms are briefly explained, as are the new patrons and their motivations for training members of minority communities in Ottoman towns. Then, this chapter examines the spatial harmony of the missionary schools with 19th-century Ottoman housing architecture, as seen in examples from Bursa. The interactions and relationships between different cultures and lifestyles are expressed in these new educational institutions. The missionary schools of Bursa, although mostly non-extant, are part of the architectural heritage of Bursa and are important constructions that highlight the interactions between the different cultural ideas and traditions that compose the old neighborhoods of this Ottoman town.