Can we differentiate neoplastic and non-neoplastic spontaneous adrenal bleeding? Imaging findings with radiopathologic correlation

KARAOSMANOĞLU A. D., Uysal A., Arslan S., SÖKMENSÜER C., Leblebici C., AKATA D., ...More

ABDOMINAL RADIOLOGY, vol.46, no.3, pp.1091-1102, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00261-020-02750-w
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1091-1102
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Spontaneous adrenal bleeding is a rare clinical event with non-specific clinical features. Life-threatening bleeding in the adrenal glands may be promptly diagnosed with imaging. Computed tomography (CT) is generally the first imaging modality to be used in these patients. However, in the acute phase of bleeding, it may be difficult to detect the underlying mass from the large hematoma. In these patients, additional imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging or positron emission tomography/CT may be utilized to rule out a neoplastic mass as the source of bleeding. In patients where an underlying neoplastic mass could not be identified at the time of initial diagnosis, follow-up imaging may be helpful after the acute phase subsides.