Objective: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the most common etiology of hypothyroidism in regions where iodine deficiency is not a concern. To date, many clinical investigations have been conducted to elucidate its pathogenesis. Several growth factors have been shown to have a role in its development. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is one of the aforementioned molecules. We aimed to demonstrate whether HGF is responsible for HT and goiter development. Also, we aimed to test the hypothesis that levo-thyroxine sodium therapy will suppress HGF levels. Materials and methods: Sixty-one premenopausal women who were admitted to our outpatient clinic between November 2010 and September 2011 were enrolled. Three groups were determined according to their thyroid function tests (TFTs) as euthyroid Hashimoto's, control and subclinical hypothyroid Hashimoto's groups. Basal TFTs, anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), anti-thyroglobulin (anti-tg), thyroid ultrasonography (USG) and HGF were studied and recorded. Subclinical hypothyroid HT patients received levo-thyroxine sodium replacement therapy, and were re-assessed for the same laboratory and radiologic features after a median 3.5 month follow-up. Results: Basal HGF levels were not different between groups. In the subclinical hypothyroidism group, HGF levels (752.75 +/- 144.91 pg/ml vs. 719.37 +/- 128.05 pg/ml; p = 0.496) and thyroid volumes (12.51 +/- 3.67 cc vs. 12.18 +/- 4.26 cc; p = 0.7) before and after treatment did not change significantly. No correlations were found between HGF and other parameters. HGF levels were similar between subjects with nodular goiter and normal thyroid structure. Conclusions: HGF was not shown to be associated with HT and goiter development. In addition, levo-thyroxine sodium replacement therapy did not alter serum HGF levels significantly.