Sporda Taciz ve İstismar Risk Faktörlerinin Belirlenmesi ve Ulusal Sporcu Koruma Politikasının Geliştirilmesi


Öztürk P. (Executive), Koca Arıtan C., Kavasoğlu İ., Cankurtaran Ö.

TUBITAK Project, 2022 - 2024

  • Project Type: TUBITAK Project
  • Begin Date: September 2022
  • End Date: September 2024

Project Abstract

This project aims to reveal risk factors relating to harassment and abuse in sport based on scientific data at the national level, to develop National Athlete Safeguarding Policy and Athlete Safeguarding Education Program that covers all actors of sport in the light of the data obtained, to transform the Turkish sport ecosystem into safe sport environments. The unique aspects of the project are: to obtain scientific data at the national level from different sport actors, to identify cultural and sport-specific problems and solutions relating to harassment and abuse in the sport based on a transformative design through mixed-method research, to cover female and male athletes of all ages against harassment and abuse with protection conceptual framework, to develop National Athlete Safeguarding Policy and related procedural recommendations with the data to be obtained from the Turkish conjuncture; to develop Safeguarding Education Program for athletes, coaches, sport institution managers, support staff and parents, which is an essential component of the policies, and also to provide them to take active roles during development of proposals through Expert Workshops.

The method of the project is a mixed-method research. By using the transformative design, risk factors for harassment and abuse in sport will be revealed through quantitative and qualitative data. With the sequential timing method, quantitative and qualitative data will be collected respectively and integrated at data collection and interpretation stages. In the first stage, data will be collected online, and face-to-face at the national level via survey researchers developed. The sample of quantitative stage will be determined by a disproportionate stratified sampling method. The sample consists of half-and-half 2000 female and male athletes representing 63 sport federations, younger and older than 18 years, and half-and-half 2000 female and male trainers. Descriptive statistical analysis will be applied to quantitative data. Secondly, grounded theory will be used, and data will be collected through individual interviews. At this stage, athletes, sport institution managers, trainers, sport support personnel and parents of athletes will be invited to participate voluntarily. Approximately 120 participants are planned to include in the research group, and semi-structured individual interviews will focus on participants' subjective experiences, perceptions, knowledge and strategies for preventing harassment and abuse. Qualitative data will be analyzed with the inductive analysis method within the scope of grounded theory. Finally, data will be integrated and interpreted.

The project management is planned according to mixed-method research’s stages: the pre-preparations and survey development are in first three month; the data collection is in 4th-8 th; analysis of quantitative data and preparation for qualitative stage is in 9 th-11 th, qualitative data collection, analysis and data integration are in 12 th -18 th, development of the policy and the education program are planned to be completed in 18 th-24 th months. An executive, a consultant, two researchers and two scholars will officiate in the project team. During the process, awareness studies based on systematic and scientific information will be fulfilled, targeting all actors of sport, to eliminate harassment and abuse in sport. At first, decision makers and implementers; then all actors of sport can benefit from project results and products. The policy and course program will be shared with sport institutions, particularly with the Ministry of Youth and Sport. The results of the project may impact the prevention of harassment and abuse in the fields of women, children, youth and sport, increasing individuals and society’s welfare, and creating safe sport environments whereby qualified people, strong society, as part of the Eleventh Development Plan. The project may open new ways to new projects monitoring evaluation processes and research questions for graduate students and scientists from different disciplines.