Digital Training in VET

Bilgin M. (Executive), Karabulut Ş., Kökçan R., Okyayuz A. Ş., Boztunç Öztürk N.

Erasmus Project, 2021 - 2023

  • Project Type: Erasmus Project
  • Begin Date: June 2021
  • End Date: May 2023

Project Abstract

Digital learning has become more important due to the pandemic. As learning spaces continue to evolve beyond the physical space, take advantage of new technologies to create connected, flexible learning environments. The learners of today are different and digital learning is key to students’ long-term success (Tiemann & Annaggar, 2020). During the online lectures, it’s hard to keep students engaged without a teacher’s physical presence and face-to-face contact. Moreover, a key concern is connected to practical VET courses impossible to put into practice without in-person instructions and courses relying mostly on hands-on work such as welding, CNC, machinery, and maintenance. In a physical vocational training environment, the teacher first teaches and shows to the learners how they can do a job in the best way and then practices. Finally, students make a practical application on the same work in a workshop or laboratory environment. Thus, the teacher creates an effective learning environment as it uses visual, auditory, and practical elements together in the process of providing students with skills (Şahin, 2008). In digital learning, it’s difficult to give practice training. If suitable technologies for practical training are developed, practical training given face to face can be transferred to digital learning. It’s hard for teachers and students to start using a learning management system or any other digital tool out of nowhere without additional training. They could be overwhelmed by the amount of data they deal with trying to go digital, as well as frustrated facing the unknown. Switching from the traditional classroom and face-to-face instructor training to computer-based training in a virtual classroom makes the learning experience entirely different for students and teachers. Their resistance to change doesn’t allow them to adapt to the online learning environment, whereas it takes time for them to get accustomed to Course Management Systems (CMS) and the methods of computer-based education. While passive listening and notes taking are expected in a traditional classroom, online discussions, or creating a web page demand springing into action. During the pandemic crises, vocational education schools and the academic units of companies encountered various problems in distance vocational training. Teachers faced difficulties in preparing digital training materials due to the lack of skill to develop digital training material. Therefore, they had to share low-motivated lecture notes that did not interact with the students. The students did not show much interest in the shared content and demanded to develop of better training tools having more effective and motivating content.


The crisis period showed how important it is for teachers to be digitally skilled. In this process, some teachers developed their digital skills, while others think that they need further development. (EU Digital Action Plan Report).

The overall aim of this project is to develop an effective and motivating digital training model in vocational and technical education where a teacher can do in the learning process synchronous having with remote connection Augmented Reality (AR) glasses. In this sense, this project is original in terms of the synchronous participation of the students to practical training via the AR glasses of the teacher.

The project objectives are to strengthen vocational education with an innovative digital training system based on AR technologies, to make a situation analysis to determine the current state of the digital training in VET and companies, to improve the digital skills and literacy of VET teachers, to develop an AR-based vocational training, to establish a Quality Assurance and assessment system.

The primary target group of the project is; students, teachers, VET schools, companies, and industrial organizations. With the project strategic cooperation between universities, vocational schools, and companies will develop an innovative digital training system in VET. In the current situation, transforming education according to digital developments is a task of all actors in the education system. This transformation should include enhanced dialogue and stronger partnerships between educators, the private sector, researchers, industrial organizations, and public authorities. The capacity of institutions will increase with innovative approaches and promote modernization based on strong cooperation within the international dimension. The development of high-quality and inclusive digital education, which respects the protection of personal data and ethics promoted. The growth with an innovative understanding between vocational education and cross-border regions and cross-border cooperation improves. The exchange of experience and know-how between different organizations and participants encourages.